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Sir Francis Drake

Everest - Monday

ENGLISH

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Remind yourself what relative clauses are by watching this video.

 

 

 

Relative clauses

A relative clause can be used to give additional information about a noun (naming word). They are introduced by a relative pronoun like 'that', 'which', 'who', 'whose', 'where' and 'when'.

For example: 'I won’t stand by the man who smells of slime'.

They can be used to create complex sentences as they are a type of subordinate clause . A subordinate clause is a part of a sentence that adds additional information to the main clause.

Relative clauses come directly after the noun they are referring to. This might be at the end of a sentence or embedded into the middle of a sentence. If it is embedded into the middle of a sentence, the relative clause is usually surrounded by commas.

Relative Pronouns

Relative clauses are introduced by a relative pronoun . The relative pronoun used depends on the person or type of thing you are writing about. Relative pronouns include:

    • ‘Who’ - A person or people.
    • ‘Which’ - An object, a place or animals.
    • ‘That’ - An object, a place or a person.
    • 'When’ - A time.
  • ‘Where’ - A place.

Example

    • Two simple sentences: ‘Milly played her guitar to her sister Martha. She was in her bedroom.’

Below, the relative pronoun, ‘who’, is used to create a relative clause so these two simple sentences can be connected. ‘She was in her bedroom’ is extra information, so this forms the relative clause.

    • Relative clause sentence:

‘Milly, who was in her bedroom, played her guitar to her sister Martha.'

 

Activity 1. 

IDENTIFY THE RELATIVE CLAUSES IN EACH OF THESE SENTENCES BY TYPING THEM ONTO A BLANK WORD DOCUMENT

Jim, who was an overweight whale, bumped his head on an oil tanker as he swam.

 

The villain marched across the crater that had once been a playing-field full of flowers.

 

The police officer called to his partner, who ignored him and continued to eat his doughnut.

 

I’m looking for a minion that can use Word 2010.

 

The man, who lives next door to me, might be a werewolf.

 

 

Activity 2

1) Look at this picture of a bear.

Bear in the forest with cubs
Bear in the forest with cubs

2) Now, think about what the bear might be able to hear, smell, feel or taste as it hides.

3) Write three sentences about the picture that include both:

    • a relative clause
    • one of the five senses

Examples

The tall trees, that were shielding the bear, creaked and moaned. The cute bear, who could taste honey on his lips, felt the tree dance in the wind as he hid behind it.

Top Tip!

Remember, if you take the relative clause out of your sentence, it should still make sense.

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Choose an inspirational quote and make a poster for your room.

We have studied some pretty inspirational people in our time in Everest class. The two I can remember offhand most notably are Dr Martin Luther King Jr. and Nelson Mandela. I also remember when I was doing reading assessments with you back in January that some of you were telling me about people who inspired you. So that is your fun task for today, I'd like you to find an inspirational quote from someone famous who inspires you and make a poster around that quote. I'll put some links to some websites down below and I'd like you to go through them and see which one 'speaks to you' the most and design  poster around it.

Quotes 1 You need to click through the gallery for ths one.

Quotes 2

Quotes 3